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CSPAN
May 15, 2012 6:00am EDT
. ambassador to the united states, and my former british colleague at nato. we have widespread support for this report. we are very grateful for their intellectual import and personal support, so that is what i wanted to say. at the order is for us to have a brief conversation, and then we will be happy to take whatever questions you have. thank you. [applause] >> thank you very much for that. first of all, it is important to state that the atlantic council as a council does not take a point of view on anything, because it would just be too hard to get all of the members to agree, but i do think one thing we all agree on is a strong alliance and an enduring alliance, and this report points us in that direction. let me ask probably just two questions, and i will go to the audience right away, and two of the more controversial points, clearly, what you're saying on germany is tough, and it is saying it to a germany where many germans would argue, are we not doing the most important thing we could possibly do for the future of europe right now, which is aiding the euro zone and pu
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 10:00am EDT
the gulf. this is a bill for the entire united states of america. it's a bill for the taxpayers, for heavens sake. so senator tester, thank you for your leadership and that of senator vitter and i appreciate senator moran coming on to -- i don't have questions because the questions i would have asked had been asked while i was listening, but thank you very much. let's keep this you and let's redouble our resolve to actually get an accomplishment for the taxpayers and for the american public. >> well, thank you, senator -- >> live now on capitol hill this morning where the senate health committee and senate subcommittee on primary health and ageing is holding a hearing on the cost of hiv/aids drugs. senator bernie sanders has introduced a bill to shorten the time before generics can be made of those drugs. it includes an annual $3 billion prize for hiv/aids drug research. testifying this morning nobel laureate economist joseph stiglitz, harvard law professor lawrence less ig and a number of public health figures. vermont senator bernie sanders is chairing this hearing. he's in the roo
CSPAN
May 14, 2012 8:00pm EDT
president said, preventing a nuclear iran is in the interest of the united states. we have issued reports, and the most recent one was issued on and.ary 1 and it includes a distinguished panel of four democratic members of congress, admirals' and generals and also experts to area our last report supported the view that the best approached to this challenge is a simultaneous pursuit of a triple track policy, which is of diplomacy, tough sanctions, and a credible and invisible military threat. we also issued a white paper on each of those tracks. i want to highlight one recommendation on each of those tracks, and then i will change it over to mort zuckerman. and the military threat we believe the united states should boost the credibility of its military to air around us nuclear facilities, and we have spelled out how to do so. one element has been selling bunker busters' to israel. we do not advocate an israeli strike, but this will send a strong signal to tehran to negotiate in good faith, encourage other states that the alternative to supporting u.s. sanctions could be military c
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 1:00am EDT
targeted to the united states. in light of that, what is your view of the administration's position to lift export controls to china? on lethal weapons? >> you know, one of the -- it is conventional wisdom, but it is very wrong. the conventional wisdom is a china that looks hundreds of years in the future, they have thousands of years of history. china knows, they are thinking three moves ahead of us on the chessboard. if that's true, why do they continue to prop up a north korean regime? why would you want to prop up a regime that has 150,000 or 200,000 people starving to death? why would you want one that continues? it's only cash is nuclear weapons, and continuing to not only move forward but exporting those kinds of technologies into the most volatile parts of the world. the chinese leader was here in town, and there were four or five of us. i said why? why do you continue to prop up the regime? it is a blot on the reputation of your government. and his answer was -- and i'm not making this up. chinese translator, senator mccain is well known in china for his candor. that was his a
CSPAN
May 14, 2012 10:30pm EDT
defense tells, the public, of -- of, the continental united states, that they're at risk, they're at risk. and it shouldn't be an issue that we debate here as if it is fiction. it's not fiction. secondly, again, i am going to underline -- you know, subquent subquent -- subsequent we will host s a classified briefing, all of you will be invited to attend. there are many misses that we hat -- missiles that we have that are under development. missiles are deployed. when you lump them together and say, missiles being tested, developed, you put them against a missile that works in the ground. i shot one off i am developing didn't work. i have one in the ground that did work. so they're 50% reliable. they're not the same missile. we should not be combining all of that information together and confusing people. we have ground-based missiles that work. and we need to, proceed. now -- i again, am going to call on people to oppose the amendment. those who have significant amount of knowledge in this area believe that we need an east coast site to protect the united states. i believe we need an
CSPAN
May 14, 2012 11:00pm EDT
this to be the foundation for future arms control regimes that would bind the united states. and by doing so in a way that is never submitted for congressional specifically senate approval that just keeps congress out of the loop and unable to have its proper role in these issues. and why it's so important, mr. chairman, is because there are significant policy and operational concerns with the e.u. code of conduct or something that resembles it with regard to our security. for instance an unclassified excerpt from the executive summary of the joint staff operations assessment of the draft e.u. code said if the united states were to make a good faith effort at implementing the requirements of the draft code there could be operations impacts on u.s. military space operations in several areas, up quote. and i have no doubt, mr. chairman, that attempting to comply with something like the e.u. code of conduct would impact our space operations. we would be doing things or not doing things that would otherwise not happen. becoming a signatory on this type of code of conduct without congres
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 3:00am EDT
we have in the united states and from the accounts that i read about the accident fukushima, the communications hinders the efficient and effective accident response at the sight. >> i would say that katrina, we had in the gulf area, a complete destruction of infrastructure. we hear the term inoperaablety, there was none. no cell towers, land lines, nothing. and so, the situational awareness on the ground was very poor. we did not know what was going on on the ground. and so, i remember sitting specifically at the white house and watching on tv, trying to figure out what's going on on the ground and we had so much conflicting information. you never know which information to trust and which not to trust. in the case of katrina, we did not have any official channels of information. we didn't hear anything through the local emergency managers, the state emergency managers because they did not have power and communications. so that was a major challenge and something that's been resolved. sounds like both in japan and the united states with several technology means like satellite pho
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 12:00pm EDT
, and he said that the united states wanted to be a tremendous partner and cheerleader of the development of brazil's offshore industry. now, mr. president, i have to tell you that was like rubbing salt in the wound of tens of thousands of oil field workers and others who are suffering because of the obama administration policy here in this country really discouraging energy development. the way president obama proposed to be a strong supporter and partner and cheerleader of brazilian offshore development was through an ex-im bank loan and there are many of these sorts of loans. again, in august, 2009, talking about brazil, the case i mentioned, "the wall street journal" reported an editorial that -- quote -- "the u.s. is going to lend billions of dollars to brazil's state-owned oil company, petrobrass to finance exploration of the huge offshore delivery in brazil's oil field near rio de janeiro" -- close quote. again the ex-im bank provided a $2 billion loan to aid brazilian oil production and that's what president obama was cheering and encouraging and making happen. it's ha
CSPAN
May 14, 2012 11:00pm EDT
identify the brigade in the united states it will rotating to europe. possibly twice annually. we're still working on the frequency of that. that will be a way to enhance training and alliance. it will be a new contribution to the nato response force. question get into the details later. i fear i've spoken too long already. i'm going to leave it at that. and turn it over to the next person on the panel. thank you. >> thank you very much. we have a packed agenda. it's difficult in the time a lotted. you were generous. it's been described like a black hole around $35 billion worth been pushed into the future because the country can't afford to pay for it now. we're looking at the programs to try to replace it. the challenges for the future. we're looking at possibly mark mar closet as the second speaker. >> thank you. thank you. this is really very good. first, i'd like to say that in real life, snow white would be dead without the dwarfs. and i'd also like to just say that in the real story, i don't remember grimm threatening with snow white, and that the dwarfs are supposed to
CNN
May 15, 2012 2:00am EDT
seem to be the same page as the united states, though, right? the united states would accept a little bit more, right? >> i don't think that's the united states' position. i think it's confined enrichment to 5%, limited to the medical isotopes. move anything above 5% out of the country or secure it, have full transparency and 24/7/365 day a year access for the iaea to all these sites. and then be willing to also talk about other things, which is what the iranians have wanted to do. i am hopeful. in my view it's the best chance of a solution. of course this is the p-5 plus one, so it's a unique bargaining agent, you might say. >> when you talk about access, i want to ask you about israel in a second, israel issue, but access. i have this picture which i know looks a little strange. the associated press obtained this from a government that is skeptical of iran's honesty in its nuclear program and they say this is a chamber used for testing explosives of nuclear weapons. we did make some calls and experts did say indeed this could be consistent with that but we haven'tindependentl
CSPAN
May 14, 2012 9:30pm EDT
united states understands that if the east coast is at threat from iran, they don't want to wait for a missile to come from mr. garamendi's district all the way across the united states to try to respond to that threat. they want something that is going to be there quicker, that is going to have an opportunity to respond. all of our open source intelligence indicates that iran could have the capability by 2015, ergo, the language that we have in the bill that has the precipitation for this site to meet the threat of 2015. i don't think anybody wants to gamble the united states' security by saying that our adversaries who have stated the intention of having icbm technology for the purposes of reaching mainland united states are going to be so slow that we can just wait. we can't wait. this has a rolling time period within which to get done. you cannot just flick a switch and have a missile defense field. we need to get started. now, the president of the united states has a different view. we all know from his little open mike episode that there apparently is a secret deal with the russi
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 10:30am EDT
today on the link between drug prices here in the united states and the challenge of access to -- global access to medici medicines, two topics that are actually discussed separately but are actually interlinked. first a quick update on where we are today. global access to hiv medicines have increased over the last decade to reach a total of 7.4 million people as of 201090% of whom live in developing countries. this is an achievement unimaginable ten years ago. two of the enabling factors that were key for increasing access in developing counties in particular was first the dramatic reduction in the price of antiretroviral med since and second the inability of funding. in developing countries use has dropped from $10,000 per patient down to as low as $100 or less today. in other words, less than 1% of the patented u.s. price. these price reductions came about because of robust competition between developers. americans can be proud of these accomplishments because the u.s. government has played a key role in three elements of this story. first, for major investments by the nih and to hiv
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 5:00pm EDT
reminded having served in iraq with the united states marine corps, in my last assignment during my tour of duty, being in meetings with tribal leaders, convincing them to cooperate with the united states, that we -- we there -- we were in it to win it, and knowing that if that was not accurate that they would be dead, that they would subsequently be killed for having cooperated with us, if, in fact, the insurgents or the al qaeda elements took back that particular river valley. the -- i was in a shirra in november in afghanistan, meeting with some village elders, and expressed that same anxiety to. so whether or not we should have been in afghanistan in the first place, and i don't believe we should have, once in we have an obligation to bring the war to a just conclusion, and i believe the way this amendment is written right now, i mean, not the -- not the amendment to strike it but the language right now achieves that -- certainly is responsible. mr. chairman, i yield back. >> gentleman's time expired. mr. smith is recognized for two minutes. >> thank you. i'll try to do this qui
CSPAN
May 14, 2012 11:30pm EDT
vote is necessary to bind the united states of america. there is a third category which we would refer to as executive, sole executive agreements. that is to say where some agent of the executive branch makes an oral or written agreement designed to bind the country. there is a statute that deals with this. title 1 section 112 b of the u.s. code. what that size is when there is such an agreement entered into that within 60 days of the agreement being entered into the secretary of state has to notify the house and the senate where presumably the house and the senate for all of our powers whether appropriations powers. or authorization power to take appropriate action. now i do think the gentleman who offered the amendment is correct that there is a technical possibility here that the executive branch could bind the united states, at least for this 60-day period before this would happen. i guess i would ask anyone on the other side. mr. turner would know this. are there any examples where this administration has bound the united states to such an agreement and then complied with th
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 11:00am EDT
demand and you have tens of millions of people outside the united states which are suffering a huge crisis in funding and sustainability for aids treatment outside the united states, it would take this market. if it would work here, it would create enormous pressure to rethink the rest of the problem for cancer drugs, diabetes and other areas. >> not so loud, somebody may hear you. and so the challenge is the government. if you have a system that doesn't work and it's about innovation, can you innovate and can you do something different? thank you very much. >> thank you very much. let me start off and let's do this informally. let me start off with an ethical question. and i noticed, doctor, you deal with ethics. i think the average american would be extremely upset to know that people are dying not because we don't know how to treat those people -- that's one sad aspect of life -- but that they can't afford what is, in fact, a minimal cost in terms of the real production of the product to save their lives. riots like somebody over there dying and nobody is going out and reaching t
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 1:00pm EDT
travel documents. the united states government expects that the chinese government will expeditiously process his applications for these documents. now 11 days later, mr. chen is still in the same hospital room with his wife and two children under defacto house arrest. although mr. chen is under the impression that his application for a passport was made last when he was visited by a chinese official and under chinese law blind persons are supposed to be able to apply orally for travel documents, he has not been notified of any further action on the application. with can exception the half-hour each morning and a afternoon that the children are escorted outside by one of the nurse, he and and his family are not allowed to leave the hospital and no one is allowed to see them. anyone who attempts to see mr. chen risks severe retaliation. a lawyer attempted to visit mr. chen many the homt. he was forcibly taken away by police officers. it was later reported that he was beaten so severely that he lost his hearing in at least one year and has been forced to move from beijing until after th
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 10:00am EDT
challenges with less risk of damage to the economies of the rest of the world and the united states. >> if breeze is forced out of the euro before they get to this wonderful package of slower austerity and more growth? is forced out of the euro? >> europe as a whole has a very strong incentive in doing what it's gone to take to make monetary union work. that's what the reforms over the last six months have tried to do. they tried to put in place a set of mechanisms for discipline in fiscal policy and cooperating on fiscal policy, for sharing as of resources, for managing the financial system that need to make monetary union work. i think their decisions, confronted with this fear of broad erosion in your experiment, is to redouble their commitment to try to make this thing work. if we believe they have the ability to do that. we hope they manage this process. very difficult set of intelligence. >> to learn anything from their experience or is it totally different? >> the talent is are different, but if you listen to where we started this conversation, what we're trying to do is make sure a
CSPAN
May 14, 2012 10:00pm EDT
northeastern part of the united states. so this was a briefing -- based on a -- analysis that was -- called for by the -- by this committee. and in previous nndas, congress said do this study that if did this study. this is what they came up with. also -- the commander of northcom in '07 and '08 recommended such a site. so there have been top military official in our dod that have agreed this is a sound idea. so it is a good investment. it's, the time has come for this, and considering the alternatives it would be a prudent thing to do. i would urge everyone's support, thank you, mr. chairman the i yield back. >> the gentleman yields back. the chair yields to the gentleman from arizona, mr. franks, five minutes. >> well, thank you, mr. chairman. mr. chairman, first let me say it is very difficult to add much to the substance of mr. turner's response. first a few observations. a lot of us are familiar with the civil war, john sedgewick that was trying to upbraid some of his younger soldiers there for dodging bullets. and his comments, i'm told among his last words were they couldn'
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 1:00pm EDT
united states and the united kingdom to rebuild our badly weak bridges to the russian leadership as president putin takes power and we must do this because russia's just too important and russia is both in some ways an adversary, not in military terms, but politically, but in some ways it's a friend and partner of the united states. we want to accentuate the friendship and partnership. i think chanceler merkel is perfectly placed to be that bridge for the u.s. to russia. >> terry murphy. good day, sir. quick comment and a two-part question. comment number one is you kind of overlooked the trans-atlantic business dialogue which has been going on for 20 years quite prominently. but secondly on the question of germany, last week i think it was captain harry whales, junior officer of the british army, got an award from the beneficiary council for his efforts to support the wounded warriors of britain and we know that the wounded warriors here are supported by the populous. there was a piece in the paper that wounded warriors are not because they don't know what to do with -- the germans
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 4:30pm EDT
okay, all you people that want to get home in time for breakfast -- committee will come to order. and i am pleased to yield to the ranking member for a unanimous consent request. >> thank you mr. ash, the unanimous consent that individually marks the two minutes instead of the normal five. >> hear hear! >> no objections, so ordered. are there any amendments? >> yes, mr. chairman, i have an amendment at the desk. we ask the clerk to please distribute the amendment, without objection, reading of the amendment will be dispensed with, the chair now recognizes the gentleman from alabama. to offer and explain his amendments. thank you, mr. chairman, this amendment is patterned after an amendment to the national defense authorizization act that i introduced last year this committee adopted in which became law. multiple sources reported that the obama administration may share our defense -- i am concerned these reports may be accurate, particularly since mr. obama has stated his -- congress passed last year that prohibits the president from sharing america's expensive missile technology with russia. this amendment establishes a two-tier approach to missile defense technology sharing with russian federation in line of the two-minute limit, i will not go into the details of that, but i will add and ask the committee to please bear with me as i share with it statements by the russian federation concerning our missile defense capabilities in europe. this is from an associated press report last week. there's been many other news outlets reporting the same thing. russia's top military officer has said -- nato missile defense facility in eastern europe if washington goes ahead with its controversial plan to build a missile shield. president dmitry medvedev says that russia will retaliate if the -- chief of general staff went even further thursday saying a decision to use pre-emptive force will be taken if the situation worsens. he said that in a conference with u.s. and nato officials n light of the great expense that the united states of america has gone to develop this technology i think we should exercise the greatest caution in -- >> chair now recognizes ms. sanchez from california for two minutes. >> thank you mr. chairman, the amendment to limit funds for sharing technology and/or sensitive information would levee a requirement that would inhibit the administration's ability to -- on missile defense matters. both by lat try and in the nato context. i believe that such discussions are essential to u.s. efforts to cooperate with russia on missile defense which has been a political and security priority for our last four administrations. such discussions are also important to our nato allies who welcomed russia's participation in missile defense of europe in the lisbon summit of 2010. the agreement would prohibit the -- where the appropriate reciprocal exchange of such data may improve the ability of the united states to provide effective missile defenses of our deployed forces and aallies. this resip row call -- would improve our missile defense. constitutional concerns as it appears to encroach on the president's exclusive authority to determine the type, scope and to. >>> this is an excellent amendment, i want to comment representative brooks for it. it's well considered, it gives a two-tiered approach so that the most sensitive information is what would be kept to ourselves and other less sensitive information could be shared if certain conditions are met. and i just want to say that unfortunately, the president has opened up some of this to be in an issue when he spoke into the open microphone as we talked about earlier in the day and talked about flexibility and who knows what that means. i think that there's a question there, that there may be secret agreements or a desire to enter into secret agreements that were clearly not being disclosed to the american public. so for that reason, i think we have to have an amendment like this, so that our most precious secrets are kept to america and we consider carefully anything beyond that. >> how very tiresome. how many time dos we have to hear about a secret agreement that doesn't exist? can't we put aside this political game that's being played and deal with the realities? this amendment goes far beyond what's been stated here. there are three sections here. do we know what the other two sections are? it's critically important that the president be able to negotiate and to discuss things. the business about getting back the information and telling us about it, that's fine. but it goes far, far beyond that. there are three other sections in this thing. we ought to be aware of that. those sections do impinge upon the president's current authority to engage on internation international. today is a new day, all of these talk of secret agreements because they don't exist. >> gentleman yields back. any other discussion on the amendment? chair recognizes mr. turner from ohio for two minutes. >> thank you. this amendment is incredibly important. what we know is that the president was caught on an open microphone saying that after this election i will have greater flexibility. we have asked the president to tell us what does he mean by that when he was telling medvedev to give a message to vladimir putin. that e the president has declined to tell us. this amendment is about ensuring what it isn't. it should not be about sharing our secret data and the technology about how our missile defense system operates and that's why this amendment is so important. if the president would tell us what the secret deal is, we would have less concern since we don't have that, we can only operate on what it should be, it should been this, this amendment should pass. >> the gentleman yields back. any further discussion on the amendment? if not, questions on adoption of the amendment offered by mr. brooks, as many as are in favor will say aye. >> aye. >> those opposed no. >> the ayes have it and the amendment is agreed to. any other amendments? >> this gentleman has an amendment. the clerk, please pass out the amendments. without objection, reading of the amendment will be dispensed with. or do read this? >> the chair now recognizes the gentleman for the purposes of offering and explaining his amendment. >> mr. chairman, the u.s. state department has restricted imports of infrared technology, for example focal plane arrays, cryogenic coolers, the unintended consequences of this action has been the creation of an international competitor's market of infrared components. hence our adversaries of the markets are enjoying technologies of which we had a major competitive advantage. foreign competitors have been able to -- reinvested their profits in the research and development. with declining defense budgets in overseas high performance infrared performance product -- infrared technology and maintain our war fighting edge. this amendment would ensure that dod -- thus maintaining technological ed. we talk all the time about maintaining the industrial base. this is a very bafblg amendment, it says if we are restricting you from exporting it, we're not going to go through the backdoor and buy it from somebody else so that they can enjoy both access to our market and other markets. >> gentleman yields back for what purpose was the gentleman from washington sec recognize? >> seek recognition to offer an amendment in the form of a substitute. >> will the clerk please pass out the amendment? without objection, reading of the amendment will be dispensed with. this is a second-degree amendment. i recognize the gentleman now for purposes of offering and explaining his amendment. >> and it's with reluctance and regret that i offer this, but i think mr. turner's headed down the right road. there's a couple of issues i just want to discuss on this. the amendment he offers would -- including increaseded costs for weapons systems or components. i can understand the need for domestic only requirement for some highly specialized components as well as major delivery platforms, but infrared technology is widely available in the commercial markets. the stipulations in mr. turner's amendment restrict our acquisition systems to only domestic -- ability to innovate over the long run. i know he would like to try to protect our defense industrial base but oftentimes we forget that we have to entreprenenurtu well. the basic point i want to get to is mainly this, i have think this legislation is premature, we don't have a handle on what the industrial based foreign technology is and the basis of my amendment is very simple. it would ask that the department of defense's deputy secretary for defense for manufacturing and industrial based policy as part of the ongoing sector bicek for tier by tier analysis of what it is doing currently. that they look at the specific area of the -- we have a better idea of what we are impacting. just a quick note, according to congressional research service, two examples of where a policy of protection would have hampered or capability for our war fighter is and moist of that technology came from israel. so i'm merely asking that we study this for 90 days, have the dod do that and get back to this immediately and i offer that in good spirits. i yield back. >> the gentleman yields back. anyone else wish to speak on the amendment? the gentleman from new jersey, recognized for two minutes. >> i would like to yield my time to mr. turner. >> thank you mr. chairman, as everybody knows, this committee has one bill, one year. intuitively we understand this you cannot restrict an industry and have it re -- we don't need to study that, we can intuitively understand it. if we study it, we could have the study delivered to us and by the time we get to take any action we will be told we have lost the industry and competitive edge. >> gentleman yields back t chair recognize mr. smith from washington. >> i just want to support mr. washington's amendment. made it difficult for our domestic companies to compete but one of the realities of is that other companies from other companies will begin to develop better technology because they have that competitive advantage. so i will -- then point out the very important examples that mr. larsen pointed out, where our ability to support the best national security products were dependent on our ability to get technology from israel and great britain. two very strong allies. this amendment would prohibit us from doing that and clearly harm our national security by restricting the only domestic content at a time when our best -- so i think mr. larsen is perfectly fine to delay it for a year. i think we need to really understand the harm that this could do to our ability to produce the best national security equipment. >> any other discussion on the amendment? if not the question is on the adoption of the amendment offered by mr. larsen, so many as are in favor will say aye. >> aye. >> those opposed no. >> and in the chair, the no's have it. the amendment is not adopted. question is now on the underlying amendment. so many as are in favor will say aye. >> aye. >> those opposed no. >> no. >> and in the chair the aye's have it. the aye's have it. the amendment is agreed to. any other amendments? >> mr. kissell's amendment, the clerk please distribute the amendment. without objection, reading of the amendment will be dispensed with. chair now recognizes the gentleman to offer and explain his amendment. >> mr. chairman, this amendment is very close to me, as i am co-chair of the tech tile caucus here and also spent 27 years in textiles before coming up here. this is a simple situation when we went into afghanistan, the uniforms that was being made for the afghan police and afghan armies was american made. as it should be by the very amendment. somewhere recently someone as made a decision to outsource this to another country, we cannot find out who made that decision, why they made that decision. we have heard some things, afghan first. this is not about readiness, this is not about getting the materials there in time. the cut operation is in afghanistan. that is no problem, we have heard the military has flexibility, but when you make bad decisions, it's our job for oversight. we have scores if not hundreds of americans that are working, paying their taxes, and justi justify -- this is a decision about trust, this is a decision about doing the right thing. how ironic would it be for someone to make a decision and the taxpayers -- all the history of the berry amendment, how ironic it would be after we talked tonight about industrial base, we talked about protecting small jobs and growing this type of business and then if we let these scores and hundreds of americans lose their jobs because of some decision made somewhere, that once again, we can't even find out who made it, how sad that would b this is about trust, these people pay their taxes, they support our military. they should be able to keep doing their jobs. >> the gentleman yields back. the chairman recognizes the gentleman from texas for two minutes. >> thank you mr. chairman, mrs. an exception to the berry amendment for procurements made outside the u.s. in support of combat operations and combat procurements. i don't know exactly who made the decision, what i do know is our whole purpose in afghanistan is to try to help these people stand on their own two feet. and that is to make their own uniforms, provide their own equipment, we're providing the training, the administration strongly opposes this amendment and says it would make that job more difficult and it just seems to me if there's anything we don't want to do in afghanistan is make the job of our troops whether it's training or whatever it takes to get them standing on their own two feet, what we don't want to do is make their job harder. so i think it would be best not to change the berry amendment by eliminating the exception that exists for procurements in support of combat operations and procurements. that's what's going on here. i yield back. >> the gentleman yields back. r >> i yield my time to mr. kissel. >> i just want to point out that i have no problem at all with the teerm materials cut and sewn in afghanistan. they're not knit or dyed in afghanistan. this is a complex operation. they've done done here in america by american operations up to this point in time. the knitting and dye kg not be done in afghanistan. it's going to another country. so this is americans losing jobs. have no problem at all with the afghans doing the piecing and cutting and sowing together but have a problem with them knitted in another country. >> gentlemen yields back the balance of this time. any further discussion? if not, the question on the adoption of the amendment offered by mr. kissel. those in favor say aye. those opposed no. any of the chair -- the nos have it. gentleman asks for a recorded vote roll call vote is ordered and we'll call this at the end of the chairman's mark. any further amendments? >> yes, mr. chairman. i have an amendment at the desk. >> the clerk, please, distribute the amendment. without objection, reading of the amendment will be dispensed with. the chair recognizes the gentleman from washington, ranking member, to offer and explain his amendment. >> the most important part of this amendment is what it strikes within the base bill. the base bill has a comment on afghanistan, makes a number of statements and findings, sense of congress, about the state of the war in afghanistan and where we're at, but the part that is concerning to me comes at the end under subsection 11 b and c where it basically -- i'll read it. no order to reduce this unsermtdy, about the future of afghanistan is what's referenced earlier, and promote further stability and security any afghanistan the president should maintain a force of at least 68,000 troops through december 31st, 2014. so that would be another, gosh, almost two years. 2.75 years at any rate and lastly maintain a credible troop presence even amp december 31st in 2014. basically the underlying vote we're going to vote on requires a substantial troop presence for another 2.5, almost 3 years. i don't think that's the wisest strategy at this point. our troops have done amazing work training and equipping the afghan national security force, beating back the taliban in a number of different places. the fundamental point here it is time to transition to afghan control of security and having a requirement in this mark for 68,000 u.s. troops to the end of 2014 is unnecessarily prescriptive and prescriptive in the wrong direction. calling for a troop presence that is not something that is in the best interests of our national security, and something that strongly is opposed by the american people. i offer a substitute to this that just eliminating all in there on afghanistan and says the sense of congress and the president should accelerate transition of security responsibility to the afghan national security force and draw down u.s. military forces as quickly as possible to the minimum force level necessary to conduct counterterrorism missions against al qaeda and train and equip the afghan national security forces. so i think that's the direction we need to go in. not what's in the underlying bill and i urge support for the amendment. >> the question is about whether or not this -- this is in order, and i know the chairman's going to make a ruling on that. if i can be permitted a quick 30 seconds to lodge my complaint. what's in the bill requires a certain number of troops for a certain length of time. that does not require a sequential rereferral. but mine sdp prefer a referral. increasing troops doesn't. decreasing troops does. that doesn't make a great deal of sense. champion is why i'm just not withdrawing that and will wait for a better explanation when the underlying words in the bill right now don't. >>ed amendmentamendment -- the required a referral. >> they waived for the underlying referral, not the amendment. again that doesn't make a great deal of sense, bumt i guess it's a slightly better explanation. i will withdraw it. i have another amendment, which would be up next on this same subject. >> gentleman withdraws his amendment. and has another amendment at the desk. >> thank you, mr. chairman. >> would that please be distributed by the clerk. without objection, reading of the amendment will be dispensed with and the chair recognizes the gentleman for the purposes of offering and explaining his amendment. >> this amendment merely strikes the language that i just described in its entirety, does not offer the suss student, since i'm not able to do that and i've already explained why. so i would urge support for this amendment. i don't believe the american public wants us to have this long-term troop commitment up through the end of 2014 with a minimum of 68,000 troops, nor do i think that's what's in the best interests of the long-term stability of afghanistan or u.s. national security. so i would urge adoption of the amendment, and i yield back. >> gentleman yields back. the chair now recognizes the gentleman from texas, mr. conaway for two minutes. >> well, thank you, mr. chairman. i want to speak against this amendment. part of the reason why we're seeing a low approval ratings for this fight that we're in, that the president has on many occasions said, well, previous occasions, said that this was the most important fight going on, is the complete failure of him to sell his vision for what we're trying to get done over there. he's been almost absent from the field of play and having these, this language of 2016 in the bill lays out a much better explanation as to why we're there and what's going on and the reasons of the american people, and the president, in my view, that failed to support his own program properly through the bully pulpit he has used hourly since he's been in office, and he has dropped this subject from his conversation, and i think the, dropping it out of the base bill would be derelict as well. so i speak against striking this section. and i yield back. >> gentleman yields back. the chair now recognizes the gentleman from california, mr. garamendi for two minutes. >> we ought to very carefully read, which i hope all of us have done, the underlying base bill that this amendment would strike out. the base bill would augment american presence in afghanistan, put us in the middle of a civil war, and require that we take sides in that civil war, and protect endefinitely a corrupt government, mr. karzai's government. and significantly endanger american troops by giving us a completely new task of intervening and protecting indefinitely into the future. the karzai government. >> does the gentleman yield? will the gentleman yield? because -- you know, one of these issues we always have when people talk numbers is the confusion that it can lead with -- >> excuse me. >> my understanding -- >> i don't believe that i yielded. >> i'm sorry. i thought you did. >> i did not. >> does not include a troop increase. >> you'll have your own time and you've taken some of mine. the language that is in this base bill presents an enormous challenge for the united states to carry out, and forces the united states to intervene directly and continuallien inyin continually in a civil war. the purpose was to get al qaeda. we succeeded. took out their bases and leaders and just a couple days ago took out another leader. the president has been very successful, very successful, in carrying out the intention of the united states from the outset. we are now, with this -- with the language that is before us entering a completely different purpose in afghanistan. it is nation building on steroids, and it is engaging us in a civil
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May 15, 2012 12:30pm EDT
world. he discovered, his conclusion, that the united states was one of the easiest places to open shell companies. pointed to states like delaware, wyoming where 2,000 shell companies existed and in one house alone. so my question for you is, we love to point the finger at a lot of nations around the world. what can we do about tightening some of the standards that make it more difficult for people to not only set up these companies but move funds in and out of them here? >> yeah. so no disrespect to mr. charmin, i'm not familiar with his study, but your point is -- well taken, and the u.s. has been in our mutual identification, having a weakness on this particular issue. in particular on the identification of beneficial ownership in the company formation process. we are supportive of legislative initiatives that are moving through congress, congress has a bill, for instance that would require the identification of beneficial ownership during the company formation process. we're also working -- we've issued an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking where we have sort of asked the
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May 15, 2012 5:00pm EDT
support this legislation and yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from texas reserves. the gentleman from puerto rico is recognized. mr. pierluisi: madam speaker, i rise in support of h.r. 3534, the security in bonding act. h.r. 3534 will strengthen the protection that surety bonds are intended to provide by requiring individual surities to use low-risk cash assets, such as united states bonds, as collateral. h.r. 3534 will require the government accountability office to assess the impact of these enhanced collateral requirements on the availability of surety bonds for emerging businesses and particularly business enterprises, seeking the prime contractors on federal projects. when the government enters into a contract, the american taxpayer, along with those in the contract, should be protected. that is why any contract valued at $150,000 or more requires a sewerity bond as a condition of the contract being awarded. the bond will pay the government and downstream contractors in the event that the contractor fails to perform the contract. bonds issued by so-called corporate sewerities which have been vetted and pre-approved by the treasury department provide for assurance to taxpayers and subcontractors in the event that a contractor failed to -- fails to perform. on the other hand, bonds issued by individual sureties have not been so vetted and are not subject to strong collateral requirements. accordingly, i support h.r. 3534 for several reasons. to begin with, any entity that plovidse a sewerity -- that provides a surety bond should be strong on the standards. we know what happens when industry, particularly those involving financing, are not closely regulated. consider mortgage lenders, for example. in a vacuum of regulation, uncroup louse and predatory lenders engaged in practices that hurt not just the borrowers but jeopardized the nation's economy and the financial well being of all americans. measures such as h.r. 3534 are intended to regulate more reliable standards, which is a commendable goal. that should help ensure that american taxpayers are not made to pay for the consequences of undercollateralized bonds. in addition, this bill will protect so-called downstream subcontractors and suppliers who very much depend on the nick vitality and performance of the general contractor and surety. many such downstream subcontractors and suppliers are small businesses owned by members of historically disadvantaged groups including racial minorities, women, and the disabled. ensuring that unnecessarily heightened risk is avoided for minority owned businesses is key to their economic survival as well as to our nation's fiscal health. according to the commerce department, these businesses are an integral part of local, national, and global business communities. measures such as h.r. 3534 that strengthen collateral requirements lessen the incidents of poor underwriting practices and undersecured surety bonds. finally, h.r. 3534 as amended in committee will help to ensure that it does not result in too much of a good thing, particularly during this difficult -- during these difficult times, congress should not construct unnecessary or overly burdensome hurdles. to the extent that heightened collateral requirements might dissuade individual sureties from providing bonds and federal projects, there's a risk that new businesses may have a more difficult timed bying on federal bonlts. we need to ensure that these businesses continue to be vital contributors to our nation's economy. not only as subcontractors but also as prime contractors. this is why there was a bipartisan agreement in committee to add language requiring the g.a.o. to, among other things, assess the impact that the enactment of h.r. 3534 may have on disadvantaged business enterprises' ability to successfully bid on federal contractors. -- on frl contracts. this will help us monitor whether h.r. 3534 has any unintended consequences in this regard. i think -- i thank representative smith for his work with us. i also thank representative hanna and the democratic lead sponsor for their work on this manner. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from texas rise? mr. smith: i yield two minutes to the gentleman from south carolina, mr. mulvaney, an original co-sponsor of this legislation. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized for two minutes. mr. mulvaney: thank you, mr. speaker. thank you to the gentleman from texas. this is not the most glamorous thing we'll do in this 112th congress. there's probably not that many people who are aware of or care about what kind of security is offered on surety bonds. i can assure you it is important to some people. it really. is if you're the person entering into that contract, counting on somebody doing that work, the quality of that security in that surety bond soft the utmost importance to you. as you heard the gentleman from new york mention, mr. hanna, in certain instances it can be a life or death matter for your business. i'm proud to be a co-sponsor of this bill but i rise to bring to light the fact that we're doing something on a bipartisan basis to help the country. we get a lot of complaints that we're not able to come together to fix things. we are unlikely to solve the issue of taxes versus spending here today but it's nice to know we can get together on the small things. it used to be, before this bill, you could take marketable coal as collateral on a surety bond. that's outrageous. this bill will fix those things and make it safer to do business with government contracts. again, it doesn't fix everything but it does make business bert. i thank mr. smith, mr. conyers, the gentleman from missouri, mr. graves, and the gentlelady from new york, ms. velazquez, from the small business committee who took a look at this bill and passed it on a bipartisan basis. i thank the gentleman and i thank my colleagues across the way to come together today and try and do something to help the nation advance and with that, i encourage everyone to support this bill and i yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. the gentleman from texas reserves the plans of his time. for what purpose does the gentleman from puerto rico rise? mr. pierluisi: i have no further speakers. i reserve my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves. mr. smith -- mr. pierluisi: i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from texas. mr. smith: i yield back the balance of my time as well. the speaker pro tempore: the question is, will the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 3534 as amended? those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 being in the affirmative, the rules are suspended, the bill is passed and without objection the motion to reconsider is laid on the table. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from utah rise? mr. bishop: i move to suspend the rules and pass h.r. 2621, as ameppeded. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report the title of the bill. the clerk: union calendar number 331, h r. 2621, a bill to establish the chimney rock national monument in the state of colorado and for other purposes. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from utah, mr. bishop, and the gentleman from new mexico, mr. heinrich, each will control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from utah. mr. bishop: thank you and i ask unanimous consent that members have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and include extraneous material on the bill under consideration. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, so ordered. mr. bishop: with that, i yield such time as he may consume to the sponsor of this bill, the gentleman from colorado who has done such great work to move this potential issue forward, mr. tipton. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. tipton: i thank the gentleman for yielding. this past weekend, i had the opportunity to be a in a truly remarkable part of the united states in southwest colorado, an area called chim knee rock. an area renowned for its cultural heritage and important a lo clock -- archaeological straits. it's considered by the scientific communities to be one of the most significant archaeological sites in the united states. centuries ago, native americans called it home. scientists have un-- uncovered ancient farming areas, homes, and other indicators that this was a major cultural center in this home. the an tesssors -- ancestors of the pueblo indians traveled to witness a rare lunar occurrence they considered sacred. chim knee rock is one of only three such areas in the country. the area is currently under the mofingt the u.s. forest service, covered under the usfs organic act which cannot i address the management of such a culturally and historically significant area as chimney rock. this act requires no additional federal funds and therefore no increase in spending. it ensure continued access to the area so local ranchers will be able to utilize the lands they depend on for grazing, for outdoorsmen to continue to take advantage of the game opportunities in the area, and for members of the indian tribes to continue the use of chimney rock for traditional ceremonies. it also allows for continued archaeological research and exploration in the area. in addition to preserving and protecting the site's historical treasure the national monument designation will give chim knee rock the prestige and protection it deserves and elevate toyota a status to increase exposure to the region and generate tourism, creating a potential economic boost for surrounding communities and generating jobs. without any new spending, making chimney rock a national monument would create a win-win situation for this place if the -- for the local communities, the state of colorado, native indian tribes and future generations of americans. mr. chairman, it is my pleasure to sponsor h.r. 2621 and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. the gentleman from utah reserves the plans of his time. for what purpose does the gentleman from new mexico rise? >> i ask unanimous consent to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, so ordered. mr. heinrich: i yield myself such time as i may consume. i applaud the majority for bringing this bill to the floor to ezz dig -- to designate a national monument in congressman tipton's district. there are hundreds of bills waiting to declare new national areas. congratulations to congressman tipton for his success in advancing local conservation efforts. i hope that this is the beginning of consideration of similar bills pending before the committee so that we can advance our conservation goals across the nation. i reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new mexico reserves. for what purpose does the gentleman from utah rise? mr. bishop: i would like to ask the gentleman from new mexico if he has other speakers? mr. heinrich: i do not. mr. wish: i'm prepared to close if you are. mr. heinrich: i yield back. mr. bishop: i commend the gentleman from colorado, mr. tipton, to put together a well thought out, locally supported legislation. this is an example of the way this tiche designation should be done as opposed to administrative fiat under things like the antiquities act. i urge adoption of this measure and yield back the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back. the question is, will the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 2621 as amended? those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 being in the affirmative, the rules are suspended -- mr. bishop: mr. speaker. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from utah. from new mexico, i'm sorry. mr. heinrich: i object to the vote on the grounds that a quorum is not present and make a point of order that a quorum is not present. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20 and the chair's prior announcement, further proceedings on the motion will be postponed. . the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from utah seek recognition? mr. bishop: i move to suspend the rules h.r. 2745 as amended. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report. the clerk: a bill to amend the mesquite land act of 1986 to facilitate implementation of multi species habitat conserves plan for the virgin river in clark county, nevada. the speaker pro tempore: the chair recognizes the gentleman from utah. mr. bishop: i ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and include extraneous material on the bill under consideration. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, so ordered. mr. bishop: with that, mr. speaker, since this is a significant bill that makes changes, i would like to yield as much time as he might consume to the gentleman from nevada. >> the original mesquite lands act provided the right to purchase at fair market value certain federal land under the control of the bureau of land management. as the city is land locked by public lands and fastest growing city in the country for much of the 1990's, this legislation was amended to allow the city to purchase additional federal lands to ensure the city of mesquite could continue to grow and prosper. in 1999, congress passed the latest amendment with the specific purpose of providing land to construct a commercial airport and to provide more room for commercial and industrial development to again meet future demands for a rapidly growing tourism industry. in 2002, the u.s. fish and wildlife service issued an opinion which promulgated certain terms and conditions associated with the land sale. a key term contained in the opinion is the mandate that the city participate in the development and implementation of a habitat conservation and recovery plan and a monitoring and mitigation plan along the virgin river. in response to this opinion, congress made a technical amendment to the act within the clark county conservation of public land and natural resources of 2002 that set aside the portions of the proceeds for the development of the recovery plan and the monitoring and mitigation plan. it is apparent that during the process, language allowing for the implementation of these plans was inadvertently omitted. other lands act clearly state that funds shall be expended on development and implementation of multispecies habitat conservation plans. the same process should be applied to the mesquite lands act. h.r. 2745 is a legislative clarification regarding the special funds allowing for both the development and implementation of the conservation and recovery plan and monitoring and mitigation plan. this is consistent with other plans in nevada and the same process should be applied to the city of mesquite. in addition to the clarification for the conservation and recovery plan, there is an issue regarding the timing of the land sales identified in the 1999 amendment and this is addressed in h.r. 2745. it originally gave the city of mesquite eight years -- 12 years to purchase the land, however due to severe economic conditions that continue to plague southern nevada along with the delay of the impact statement, the city is not in a position to purchase the final sections of property at this time and therefore was not able to make the deadline. h.r. 2745 provides for an additional eight years to allow economic conditions to improve. i would like to thank chairman bishop and the natural resources committee staff on on moving this legislation forward. h.r. 2745 would allow the city of mesquite to control the path of its future expansion and economic development and correct an oversight in prior legislation. with that, i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman yields back the balance of his time. the gentleman from utah reserves. for what purpose does the gentleman from new mexico rise? mr. heinrich: i ask unanimous consent to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, so ordered. mr. heinrich: i yield myself such time as i may consume. this legislation allows the city of mesquite, nevada to acquire certain lands from the federal government for its commercial airport. under the original 1986 legislation, some receipts from the federal lands would be funding habitat within clark county. as amended, h.r. 2745 directs the proceeds of the land sale to the treasury and leaving the habitat work unfunded. while the conservation work is important, we do not object toe this legislation and i would reserve my time. the speaker pro tempore: for what purpose does the gentleman from utah rise? mr. bishop: to reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman reserves the balance of his time. mr. heinrich: i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from utah is recognized. mr. bishop: offered by congressman heck, h.r. 2745 as amended by the natural resources committee and further amended to date to ensure there is no cost to the taxpayer and this will treat all proceeds to the land fills at no cost to the taxpayer. i urge the adoption of this measure. and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from utah yields back. the question is will the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 2745 as amended. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 -- mr. heinrich: i make a point of order that a quorum is not present. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to clause 8, rule 20 and the chair's further announcement, further proceedings on this motion will be postponed. it is -- for what purpose does the gentleman from utah rise? mr. bishop: i move to suspend the rules and pass h.r. 3874 as amended. the speaker pro tempore: the clerk will report. clrk clerk h.r. 3874, a bill to provide for the conveyance of eight cemeteries that are located on national forest system land in black hills national forest, south dakota. the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from utah, mr. bishop and the gentleman from new mexico, mr. heinrich, will each control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from utah. mr. bishop: i ask unanimous consent that all members may have five legislative days to revise and extend their remarks and include extraneous material on the bill under consideration. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, so ordered. mr. bishop: thank you, mr. speaker, and to explain this bill as well, i would like the sponsor who has worked so hard, the gentlewoman from south dakota, as much time as she would like to consume. mrs. noem: i rise in support of my bill. this bill is of great importance to many communities in the black hills of south dakota. it is home to a number of historic communities and cemeteries. many of these originated in old mining towns in the 1800's and have unique significance to the surrounding communities, the engel wood cemetery, haywood cemetery mountain hills cemetery, nemo, rockerville cemetery and the cold springs cemetery. these cemeteries are being managed by local associations or community groups in the surrounding areas, but have been technically owned by the u.s. forest service since the 1900's, this causes unnecessary liability for the u.s. forest service because of their responsibility of upkeep and dealing with vandalism or damage to the property. the black hills cemetery act would transfer ownership of these cemeteries and up to two acres of adjacent land to the caretaking communities that have managed them for generations under special use permits issued by the forest service at almost no cost to taxpayers. it also makes clear these cemeteries will be than continued to be used for the same purpose. i sponsored this bill to request of these communities and the current caretakers of the cemeteries and in consultation with the u.s. forest service. an article talked about the chief of the local fire volunteer department that takes care of the haywood cemetery and said this bill would make it less complicated for the caretakers and u.s. forest service. and he mentioned that this bill is important because it allows for expansion for those families still interested in burial plots. a lot of local residents are buried in these cemeteries. many communities will hold special services on the cemetery grounds in the coming weeks. after the house passes this bill, these families are having these cemeteries officially in their care and will continue to do an excellent job managing them. i thank the communities and local residents in working with my office. i would like to thank chairman hastings and bishop and their staff. it is important for those reasons that we pass this bill and that the senate does the same. these communities have been asking for a solution to this situation for a number of years and as their representative i'm glad we have the opportunity to pass this bill off the house floor. i urge my colleagues to support this bill for the communities in south dakota. i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentlewoman from south dakota yields back. the gentleman from utah reserves. the gentleman from new mexico. mr. heinrich: mr. speaker, i ask unanimous consent to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, so ordered. mr. heinrich: i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. heinrich: h.r. 3874, conveys cemeteries on u.s. forest land to communities in south dakota. these local communities already manage and maintain these cemeteries and the legislation requires that these lands continue to be used for cemetery purposes. we have no objections to this legislation and with that, i would reserve the balance of my time. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from new mexico reserves. mr. bishop: reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from utah reserves. mr. bishop: i yield back. hirne mr. heinrich: i yield back. mr. bishop: this commonsense piece of legislation, nine parcels of land to the respective communities that currently manage and maintain these cemeteries and frees the forest service from administering these cemeteries and focus on other measures. it's a great bill and i yield back. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from utah yields back. will the house suspend the rules and pass h.r. 3874 as amended. those in favor say aye. those opposed, no. in the opinion of the chair, 2/3 being in the affirmative, the rules are suspended, the bill is passed -- mr. bishop: i ask for the yeas and nays. the speaker pro tempore: the yeas and nays are requested. all those in favor of taking this vote will rise and remain standing until counted. a sufficient number having arisen, the yeas and nays are ordered. pursuant to clause 8 of rule 20, further proceedings on this question will be postponed. for what purpose does the gentleman from utah seek recognition? mr. bishop: i move to suspend the rules and pass h.r. 205 as amended. the clerk: union calendar number 294, h.r. 205, a bill to amend the act titles and act to release restricted indian lands for public, religious, recreational, residential and for other purposes, requiring the grant of long-term leases approved august 9, 1955 to provide for indian tribes to enter into certain leases without prior expressed approval from the secretary of the interior the speaker pro tempore: pursuant to the rule, the gentleman from utah, mr. bishop and the gentleman from new mexico, mr. heinrich, will each control 20 minutes. the chair recognizes the gentleman from utah. mr. bishop: i ask unanimous consent that all members have five legislative days to include extraneous material on the bill under consideration. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, so ordered. mr. bishop: mr. speaker, i yield myself such time as i may consume. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman is recognized. mr. bishop: under current law each and ever nonmineral lease that a tribe executes is subject to approval by the department of interior before it can take effect. doesn't matter whether the tribe and the third party negotiated the terms of the lease to their satisfaction, washington, d.c., decides. unfortunately, as a result of this, it is predictable that the leases do not get approved on a timely basis, if at all. the government has erected regulatory hurdles for tribes leasing their land and time is money and when the government delays the cost, money, investors take their business elsewhere. congress agreed with the request to let a tribe lease its land without federal approval as long as it occurs under tribal regulations and approved by the secretary. the amendment and solves taxpayers from liability from leasing decisions the navajo nation makes. they have pleaded with congress to let them manage their lands with less supervision. h.r. 205 allows any tribe the same option that the navajo nation already enjoys. while this bill does not remove the government from tribal lands, which would be our goal, it takes a step in the right direction. a previous version of this bill was introduced and ordered reported in the very last congress and languished and saw no further action. i'm pleased today that this bill sponsored by a democrat member that this bill is poised to pass with a very strong bipartisan support. i urge adoption of this measure and i reserve. the speaker pro tempore: the gentleman from utah reserves. the gentleman from new mexico. mr. heinrich: i ask unanimous consent to revise and extend my remarks. the speaker pro tempore: without objection, so ordered. . . mr. heinrich: i yield myself such time as i may consume. shortly after being elected to congress, i met with tribal leaders who talked about the onerous process of getting a lease on tribal trust land, something that afingts home ownership on tribal land. -- lands. the last thing the federal government should do is stand in the way of families ready and willing to own a home. that's why i introduced this bill, the hearth act. native families buying a house go through the same process -- process as everyone else. they find a house they like, work with the bank to gain approval for a morbling and make an offer to the seller. but before these families can close on the sale they must also get approval from the bureau of indian affairs to lease the land that the house is built on. that approval can take between six months and two years, an intolerable delay for most buyers. we all know a seller is rarely able to wait two years to sell their house an banks are often unable
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 9:00am EDT
conversation we should be having. right now here in the united states we have basically three approaches to the obesity problem facing nato and u.s. spending. and the three options are basically this. they were alluded to in the last panel and i will go over them very briefly. essentially the republicans laid out various options for eating more. in other words the house has offered a proposal to add $4 billion on top of what the pentagon has asked for. okay. we know this proposal coming from the house republicans is not going anywhere in the senate but it is a good indication where the political tenor is and what that faction of the republican believes is a solution to the problem that faces us. they have also put forward an alternative to sequestration. i won't go into that. if we look at mitt romney's campaign he basically said we should spend and this is an estimate, as much as $2.1 trillion over the next decade than what the obama administration for instance has laid out. 2.1 dral trillion more. want to emphasize that, mo, more the not cutting more. what is the obama admin
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 2:00pm EDT
live in china to come to the united states and testify are risking not only their own safety but that of their families to expose the truth of what is going on there. not simply so that we will know what is happening, but so we will take effective action to try to help free the people of china from these horrific human rights abuses. several days later, john chung yung did return to china. feared materialized the. he was beaten, dragged away by four cadres and right in front of his daughter who was screaming and his wife was beaten, and so then i got a call from congressman smith and immediately flew back to washington to speak at a press conference for him to be released. despite this violence, john chung yung has persisted in bravely. in february, 2011, he and his wife released through the china aid association a video showing the horrific conditions of their house arrest. and for that they were severely beaten and left without medical attention. and then soon after that a group of chen's lawyers got together to try to talk about how they might help him. and you have to understand a
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 1:30pm EDT
his family come to the united states so they can arrest and have further studies in the u.s. institution. and this shows that our country recognize that it is responsible for the outcome of the fate of guangcheng. we hope that a member of congress can provide all the tools and that the administration need to back their commitment and to follow through and it will certainly looking forward that day when chen and his wife and two children to touch the soil in the united states of america very soon. hopefully. >> mr. fu, thank you very much for your testimony and for your insights. i now yield to chang, a political prisoner for 18 years. the father of the democracy world movement. [ speaking in foreign language ] >> translator: in january 1994, i met with a representative chris smith in beijing for three hours. and he was obviously concerned of the situation of the american policies about the chinese human rights. so he advised then secretary of state warren christopher to meet with me in beijing in that spring. [ speaking in foreign language ] >> translator: since then there w
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 3:00pm EDT
this with all due respect to the president of the united states. i am concerned when the united states government, when president obama was asked about chen guangcheng specifically and human rights. he said no comment on chen and that human rights, quote, it comes up. my hope is that we are in the process of a game-changing reappraisal of our depriorization of human rights in china and perhaps elsewhere in the world but absolutely in china where wittingly or unwittingly we have enabled this terrible crime of forced abortion and forced sterilization to occur while we've looked ascance and acted as if it wasn't happening. chen guangcheng reminds us in a very powerful way and the suffering that he's endured that he stands in solidarity with the women of china as do i, as do so many members of congress, as does this panel, so if you would like to make any concluding statements, because i think we've heard it all with chen's own voice just a moment ago. bob fu is out, so if anybody would like to make any final statement before we conclude the hearing. >> yeah. i would like to, you know, chairman smith
CNN
May 14, 2012 8:00pm EDT
international involvement. there are many people in the united states who tire of this and say you're throwing weapons into a powder keg into a dangerous situation. we don't know fully. there may be jihadist elements amongst the rebels. what do you say? >> it's actually a great share of the blame is born by the international community which did not come to the rescue. when the cavalry did not come in, when the cavalry of the good guys of nato, cavalry of the united nations didn't come, well then people have to fend for themselves. that's it. >> we're going to have a lot more with ivan and professor ajami throughout this hour. the violence continues in syria. many are asking where is the international community? where is the united states? we'll talk to senator john mccain in a moment. he's saying where is president barack obama. as syria deadly lies continues. on my journey across america, i found new ways to tell people about saving money. this is bobby. say hello bobby. hello bobby. do you know you could save hundreds on car insurance over the phone, online or at your local geico of
CNN
May 15, 2012 4:00am EDT
for greater international involvement. there are many people in the united states who tire of this. they say, look, you're throwing weapons into a powder keg, a dangerous situation. we don't know fully. there may be jihadist elements. >> if there are jihadist elements, it's a great share of the blame that comes from the international rescue. when the cavalry of the good guys, nato, the united nations didn't come, people have to fend for themselves, that's it. >> we're going to have a lot more throughout this hour. as the violence continues in syria, some are asking where is the international community, the united states? we'll talk to senator john mccain and he's flat out saying where is president obama. >>> welcome back. we're live from the turkish syrian border refugee camp. this is what the so called cease fire looks like across syria. the violence in the cities and towns too dangerous to live in. civilian neighborhoods have been decimated. artillery fire, mortar fire, sniper fire. some 23,000 have fled to turkey. there are some 70,000, 50,000 who have fled to other countries, l
CSPAN
May 14, 2012 8:30pm EDT
legal career, he served as a prosecutor in the united states attorneys offices of san francisco and boston. after working as a partner in the boston law firm, director mueller return to the justice department in 1989 as an assistant to the attorney general and later as the head of the criminal division. in 1998, director mueller was named the united states attorney in san francisco, a position he held until 2001 when he was nominated to be director of the fbi. director mueller, once again, we welcome you today. we look forward to your statement. if you will please proceed. good morning and thank you, chairman smith, ranking member conyers and members of the committee. i do want to thank you for the opportunity to appear before the committee today. i think you for your continued support of the men and women of the fbi. as you know and have pointed out, the bureau has undergone unprecedented change in recent years, since the attacks of september 11, we have refocused efforts to address and prevent emerging terrorist threats. the terrorist threat is more diverse than it was 10 years ag
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 7:00am EDT
billionaires, extracting money from the united states in order to make it seem like things are dysfunctional. they are getting rich. their kids and grandkids have good educations. mitt romney has five sons, money in the bank, $100 million. government makes many jobs. host: we will see what jim has to say on twitter, echoing a comment on facebook. what do you think about this? let's hear what darrell, a republican has to say in san diego, california. caller: good morning. i think it is typical of government rules. it misses the point. back in oklahoma city, a couple of conferences ago, the gsa spent less than three and a thousand dollars total with the same number of people. the question is, how much are spending per person? are you getting value? if they make a rule of $500,000 or $100,000, is it going to get a conference of 30 people to stay under some limit. if you're going to produce rules, quickly enough, they should be producing a per diem rule. how much per conference, whether it is appropriate, and how do you trust -- how you justify conference. do i think they should ha
CNN
May 15, 2012 4:00pm EDT
co-founder unfriends the united states of america on giving us his u.s. citizenship could save him hundreds of millions of taxes when the company goes public. i'm wolf blitzer. you're in "the situation room." -- captions by vitac -- www.vitac.com >>> democrats have been betting on a big gender gap to give president obama an edge in the november election, they've accused republicans of a war on women and president obama has been going all out to kort female voters, but suddenly a new poll suggests it's mitt romney who may have an edge among women. let's go to brianna keilar. should the president be worried that he's potentially losing his critically important edge with women? >> reporter: wolf, it may be too soon to tell. these poll numbers may not tell the entire story. if we take a look at the poll by cbs news and new york times it does show romney 2 percentage points ahead. one reason to look at this very carefully is because other poll, albeit less recent polls show the president with a major advantage over governor romney and for instance, if you look at our latest poll, the cn
CNN
May 14, 2012 7:00pm PDT
east skoeflt of the united states, 5:00 a.m. here. we're coming to you tonight from a refugee camp. a tent camp filled with some of the 23,000 men, women, and children who have fled syria so far and found refuge here on the turkish side of the border. 50,000 other syrians have fled to other countries and camps as well. we came here because we want you tonight from here because we want to you hear the voices from the camp. voices the regime of bashar al assad has for 14 months tried to silence with batons and bullets and mortars and murder. these are men, women and children who 14 months ago began raising their voices, asking semifor change, reform. an end to corruption, discrimination. basic freedoms that most of us in the world take for granted. they spoke out peacefully and were with met with tear gas, tanks and torture. there's no more talk of peace were of reform. now they fight back. they'll not stop, they say, until bashar al assad and his regime of lies has fallen. just over 300 yards from where i'm standing is the syrian border. you can see lights in the distance. that's syria
WETA
May 15, 2012 6:30pm EDT
the overhang in the united states. how does that cloud an investor's decision how they make money decisions? >> it's clear that the whole greek thing is going to fall apart, and no one knows exactly how, when or what falling apart really means for spain. no one is worried about greece per se. they're worried about what greece means for spain. >> tom: we know it means a stronger u.s. dollar. the dollar continuing to increase, and commodity prices drop. >> remember, you don't need to be the best currency in the world, just the least worse. and that's where the u.s. dollar is right now. look further. why would anybody put money in dollars as a safe haven? but right now, liquid, easy to get in and out. >> commodity sold off, gold, oil. natural gas rebounds from $2 to 2.50. is this an energy area you're looking for bargains. >> i'm looking for a bottom in natural gas. i think we'll bounce to $3, and ?r somewhere in there for a long time. >> and you're looking at alter petroleum. they have natural gas exploration production, and share price is half of what it was last summer. is this a
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 12:00pm EDT
money laundering scheme, running money through the united states and, you know, involves used cars being sold into africa. it was a very complex scheme, and, you know, it was affecting the u.s. financial system. it was sending wires into the u.s. that were the proceeds of narcotics traded, and we will, and we've been very clear with the lebanese authorities about this, we will do what we need to do to protect the u.s. financial system from that sort of illicit activity. so that's one bucket, and we're continue to work with the lebanese both on the lebanese-canadian bank issue. specifically and more broadly working with them to have them be more effective in policing their own financial sector. the other bucket is syria and iran. and we have been as clear as we possibly could be with the lebanese that that is a red line. that if we see either the assad regime or its cronies using the lebanese financial system as a way to escape the sanctions, weaken the sanctions, we will act. likewise, as iran is under increasing financial pressure around has lost access to financial centers around
LINKTV
May 14, 2012 7:30pm PDT
united states, and being able to work in a country other than our home, we found ourselves in a constantly stimulated creative state. christopher: because the residencies in bristol and glasgow were so...i don't know... generous or something, we had almost 40 hours of rehearsal time a week instead of, you know, 15, like we usually have in the united states. so we had a lot of time to work on our piece, and we got a lot of work done in a really concentrated period of time. they have green tags in their ears. see that? saner: we've entitled this piece, "how dear to me the hour when daylight dies." and it was premiered in glasgow in scotland, and we toured it in several cities in the united kingdom, including dartington. hixson: every time we get to a new location, thers a lot of schlepping that goes on. we've got to get the trunks out of the van, we've got to get the performers into the space, we've got to get the lights up, we've got to get the sound done. okay. paul says it gets dark around 10:00. our show is at 8:00. it's noon. but now, don't you want to have some food? the foo
SFGTV
May 15, 2012 7:00am PDT
regain it's place in the world. he decided to have the tallest dome built in the united states. it's now stands 307 feet 6 inches from the ground 40 feet taller than the united states capital. >> you could spend days going around the building and finding something new. the embellishment, the carvings, it represents commerce, navigation, all of the things that san francisco is famous for. >> the wood you see in the board of supervisor's chambers is oak and all hand carved on site. interesting thing about the oak is there isn't anymore in the entire world. the floors in china was cleard and never replanted. if you look up at the seceiling you would believe that's hand kof carved out of wood and it is a cast plaster sealing and the only spanish design in an arts building. there are no records about how many people worked on this building. the workman who worked on this building did not all speak the same language. and what happened was the person working next to the other person respected a skill a skill that was so wonderful that we have this masterpiece to show the world today. >> kids wi
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 11:30am EDT
cases, one country will sell the drug in the united states and others will sell it in europe. the leading one involves products from both in the united states, bristol meyers, and gillian. so it's hard to know, are they partners or are they competitors? and the prices would suggest they're more like partners than competitors. >> two comments i want to add. i think we're right thinking about this as an experiment, and thinking about how we can develop a better innovation system, not just for aids, but for health and beyond health for research more broadly. and i just wanted to reiterate that in thinking about the innovation system, there are a couple of other parts. the patent system will continue to play some role in, for instance, idea that's we haven't even thought about. in health, the price system is particularly well suited because we have a more well formulated notion of what we need. and, therefore, if it's particularly effective in that area, the mother areas where climate change, if it can be particularly effective, we know what we need in terms of the more efficient batt
CSPAN
May 15, 2012 2:30am EDT
from many disasters we've faced in the united states where i got to tell you, americans, we're not, we're not as resilient. how many of us have food stockpiled in our homes and water and medication? we know we should, but most of us don't. but how would we react to a terrible catastrophe hitting us, destroying our homes, ininjurying, killing our friends and family, then to see on tv the japanese people waiting in line for food and water in an orderly fashion immediately after the disaster was really remarkable. it's a testament to the resiliency of the japanese people. i could only hope we as americans adopt some of these. one of the areas i feel strongly about in part of this task force is the need for individuals to take the responsibility seriously. if you think the government, whether it's the japanese government or the u.s. government are going to be there to help you in a disaster, you're crazy. you're going to be on your own. the department of homeland security tells you you're going to be on your own for at least 72 hours, but they're serious. you're going to be on your own
WHUT
May 15, 2012 7:30am EDT
okinawa, tokyo and the united states to try and understand why his islands had to make such a great sacrifice. during his tenure as governor, the oak gnaw wan people's anti-u.s. sentiment exploded after the rape of a teenage girl by three u.s. marine soldiers. in 1996, after a series of negotiations with the pentagon and tokyo, he won a concession. the u.s. agreed to withdraw from bases from okinawa, including the notorious futenma marine air station. however, after the governor retired from the politics, the base issue became deadlocked over where to relocate it. >> people questioned so strongly that okinawa military bases should be cut down and -- but this was not done. so now there is great disappointment and anger toward the central government. local people feel that they are betrayed by the current central government after 40 years. >> anything have changed about the issue at the bases? >> nothing has changed at all. even worse. >> reporter: ohta survived the battle of okinawa as a child soldier. he says the sacrifice of one-third of the islanders made him determined to elimina
SFGTV
May 15, 2012 3:30pm PDT
leave their families and homeland, because they're often trained by the united states. they have been paved by better treatment. the migrant workers have to endure this. >> good afternoon, board of supervisors. i am a professor at ucsf. i am a member of the acc. since the 1990's i have been visiting the gaza strip, a dozen times, and i am telling you the process of ethnic cleansing continues. let me tell you what is happening with the supervisors. 1.6 million palestinians living in the largest open-air prison on the planet right now. it takes 200 loads of food per day to keep them at a subsistence level above poverty, and israel lets in less than 100 trucks of food and medicine. in december, the government of israel had a massive campaign where there were brutally murdered with u.s. weaponry. 20,000 buildings were destroyed to the state. palestinians are unable to build homes that were destroyed. i call on the supervisors, especially those who support israel, to define the moral compass. the board of supervisors is intent on creating equity and freedom of expression, and at the same t
PBS
May 15, 2012 6:00pm EDT
who obama has previously said and praised as being one of the best bankers in the united states. so the obama administration looks tough on banks. they're more than likely looking at what the company knew when they knew it and whether or not there's anything they're covering up right now. >> woodruff: dawn, you had something about a conference call that jamie dimon held with investors back in mid april. >> oh, yeah. jamie dimon on his analyst calls-- i've been covering the company about two nears years now-- on his calls he almost always cracks jokes and asks a stupid question. he always goes off on government regulation. in this that call in mid april when dimon says he didn't know how bad the trade was or didn't know that there was a problem was asked about it, he was uncharacteristically, you know, calm and quiet. he stuck to what seemed like kind of a scripted format. he was very, you know, he just wasn't himself. he wasn't himself on that call in mid april. that's after, shortly after everyone started reporting, you know, that particular division had a big problem. so, that cam
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